audiologist

Speech Matters May 2011

Speak Well, Hear Well, Live Well”:  May is Speech and Hearing Month

 

Speech Matters

by Cheryl D. Lindsay M.S. S-LP

The month of May has been designated by the Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists, (CASLPA), as Speech and Hearing Awareness Month.

“One out of ten Canadians lives with a serious communication disorder.” (Source: www.caslpa.ca )

The goal for speech-language pathologists and audiologists is to enhance one’s quality of life by improving communication skills.

It is important that speech and hearing problems be identified as early as possible. In the past few years, and again this year, free speech and hearing screenings are being offered at the Early Years Centre, in Hanover, (ph. 519-376-8088).

A speech-language pathologist, (S-LP), is able to help assess, diagnose and treat many aspects of disordered communication. These include:

  • Voice:  clarity, volume, pitch, hoarseness
  • Articulation, or, how sounds are produced
  • Receptive language, or, understanding
  • Expressive language, or speaking
  • Swallowing
  • Dysfluency or stuttering
  • Respiration
  • Apraxia or motor planning
  • Phonological processing

An SLP, as part of a health care team, is also able to help people who have communication challenges as part of, or, in conjunction with, other diagnoses such as:  

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder, (ASD)
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)
  •  Down syndrome
  •  Pierre-Robin Syndrome
  • Acquired Brain Injury, (ABI)
  • Central Auditory Processing Disorder
  • Cleft palate
  • Cerebral Palsy

Communication delays or disorders that affect children in infancy to preschool years, may have consequences that affect success in school, both socially and academically. Early identification and treatment can be critical to a child’s success.

If you are concerned about any aspect of your, or a family member’s communication, speech language pathologists and audiologists are here to help. To find a qualified professional in your area, visit www.caslpa.ca.

(Next Month: Taking care of your voice)

Speech Matters June 2010

Will my Child Outgrow a Speech Problem? Speech Matters-June 2010

By Cheryl D. Lindsay, M.S. SLP

As a parent you may be wondering if your child’s speech is developing normally. Similar to other areas of early childhood development, there are also speech and language milestones. These act as general guidelines to help you consider whether or not your child’s speech is on the right track.

 Below is a brief outline, giving you a range of speech sound development. It is important to remember that there are always individual differences concerning which sound(s) your child will develop, and when.  The beginning of each range shows when the sound may begin to develop, and the end of the range shows when your child should be able to say the sound correctly. (Source: Helping Kids Discover and Develop Language (Angus, Cahalan, Chenette & Pinnau Emrich).

 1-3 years    /p,m,h,n,w,b/

 2-4 years   /k,g,d,f,y,ng/

 3-6 years    /r,l/

4-7 years    /ch, sh, z, j/

 5-8 years    /th, zh/

When your child is learning to speak, they may make sound errors along the way. Some errors are quite normal and expected. Common errors include saying “w” for “r” (wabbit for rabbit) and “d” for “th” (dat for that). Errors like these can become a concern when they persist as your child gets older.

 If you are concerned that your child is not saying the sounds that would be expected for his/her age, it is recommended that you first have your child’s hearing assessed. An audiologist is able to test your child’s hearing and tell you whether or not their hearing is within the normal range. The audiologist may recommend next steps for your child, if there is an issue with their hearing. As a parent, you can book an appointment with the audiologist yourself, since a referral from your family doctor is not necessary.

 After the hearing test, if you are still concerned with your child’s speech development, it is recommended that you contact a speech-language pathologist (S-LP).

 Some children will outgrow their speech sound error(s) but some will need speech therapy to help them say their sounds correctly. An S-LP assesses and decides whether or not the speech sound(s) may develop on their own, or if speech therapy is necessary.

 As a parent, there a few things you can do to help your child learn to say their speech sounds. You can model how to say the sound correctly by repeating the word or phrase back to your child, as in, “Yes, that car is red”. You can also ask your child to repeat the word or phrase by asking, “Is it lellow or yellow?” This will help your child learn how to hear the differences between the sound that they are saying and the correct sound.

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